An if-expression is used to choose between two different values based on a predicate.
##1. Standard If-Then-Else Syntax
The following results in either the value e1 or e2 depending on whether the predicate e1 !== null evaluates to
if (e1 !== null) e1 else e2
##2. Optional Else Part
The else part is optional, which is a shorthand for an else branch that returns the default value of the current type.
if (e1 !== null) e1
##3. Conditional Operator
Sometimes, it is useful to put a if-then-else expression inside another expression. This syntax is known as the conditional operator, inline if, or ternary if in many programming languages. In programming languages such as Java or C/C++, this conditional operator has the syntax:
a ? b : c
It evaluates to
b if the value of
a is true, otherwise to
In SARL, this specific syntax is not supported. The standard if-then-else expression (explained above) is an expression. It means that it could be included into another expression like all the other expressions. Consequently, there is no need of a specific syntax for the conditional operator in SARL. The following example is the SARL equivelant of the Java conditional operator:
if (a) b else c
You can use
if expressions deeply nested within expressions:
val name = if (e1 !== null) e1 + ' ' + e2 else e2
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